Kattaikkuttu Sangam
Transforming Culture
Transforming Lives


Another "off-stage" performance is the enactment of the final fight between Bhima and Duryodhana. The deadly battle decides the war in favour of Bhima and the other four Pandava brothers. For this performance a huge reclining statue of Duryodhana is made in the centre of the village. The area surrounding the statue becomes the battlefield of Kurukshetra where the actors Bhima and Duryodhana engage each other in battle. The mortal blow with which Bhima kills his opponent is received, not by the real actor, but by the mud-statue of Duryodhana. "Off-stage" episodes form the ritual culmination of stories performed "on-stage" during the previous night.

In addition to Mahabharata plays most companies perform a few plays based on popular Purana stories or Ramayana episodes. Some companies have also lesser known or newly invented episodes from the Mahabharata in their repertory. These stories feature existing and imagined characters.

New plays

P. Rajagopal has been instrumental in developing new repertory based on original stories, including plays for children. In addition, he has reworked and adapted existing traditional stories to fit his own and contemporary society's aesthetic and social needs and expectations. The most popular among his plays have been performed by different groups of Sangam members and Gurukulam students.

His children's play Magic Horse (Mayakkutirai) has been translated into Kannada. Craig Jenkins adapted the play into a storytelling format in English in 2009. In 2010 students of the Tamil Language School in Rochester, New York, performed their version of the play. For a list of P. Rajagopal's plays. please click here



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